Jean-Yves Sgro

Image 12 of 44
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Foot-and-mouth Disease protein virus capsid. The heparin-binding site with bound heparin is shown in white. The single stranded RNA genome inside the capsid is not visible. The FMDV causes foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphtae epizooticae), a highly contagious and sometimes fatal viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals (e.g., cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs, wild bovids, deer, antelope, and bison. The disease is characterized by high fever that declines rapidly after 2-3 days; blisters inside the mouth that lead to excessive secretion of stringy or foamy saliva and to drooling; and blisters on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness. Rendering is colored by radial depth-cue and ambient occlusion to highlight surface topography. View is along the 2-fold icosahedral symmetry axis. Individual, small spheres are atoms making up the proteins.